South Indian cuisine includes the cuisines found in the four southern states of India: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
It is famous for its various spices and also spicy foods. Its long past has witnessed the export of spices to many countries. Even the outsiders, generally the foreign invaders like the Dutch, the French and the English, who kept coming here over generations, are reported to be fond of these spices. Some of the chief varieties of spices produced here include cardamom, pepper, cinnamon, cloves and nutmeg.
The south India is equally famous for the availability of coconut, a wide variety of fishes and root tubers. The south Indian food is mainly rice, which the south Indian people love to have with a combination of Sambhar or curry.
A generous but at the same time a balanced use of spices is done here in most of the vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes of this region. Similarly in most of the dishes that are prepared here the final tempering remains almost same, witch includes a perfect mixture of oil, mustard seeds, curry leaves and red chilies etc.
South Indian cuisine is rice based. Rice is combined with lentils to make wonderful dosas, idlis, vadas and uttapams. These items are glorious and delicious besides being nourishing and digestible (due to the fermenting process). They are combined with sambhar (dal), rasam (tamarind dal), dry and curried vegetable and pachadi (yogurt).
Their rice preparations are also masterpieces like biryani from Hyderabad, lemon rice and rice seasoned with coconut, peanuts, tamarind, chilies, curry leaves, urad dal and fenugreek seeds.
Coconut water straight from the nut is a common beverage and sight in South India. Coffee is very popular in South India and Madras coffee is popular in South Indian restaurants throughout the world. The South Indian food is a brilliant blend of flavors, colors, seasoning, nutritional balance, fragrance, taste, and visual appeal.